Case Reports
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus with lupus anticoagulant hypoprothrombinemia syndrome-A case series with review of literature.

Lupus 2021 April
INTRODUCTION: Lupus anticoagulant hypoprothrombinemia syndrome (LAHPS) is a rare phenomenon that leads to concomitant thrombosis and hemorrhage in children with SLE. LAHPS in pediatric SLE (pSLE) has a protracted course requiring long-term immunosuppressive therapy. Due to the rarity of this syndrome and paucity of reported cases, there is lack of standardized management. We herewith report 5 children with pSLE with LAHPS. Methodology: We retrospectively reviewed clinical features, laboratory features, treatment and outcome for 5 children with lupus anticoagulant hypoprothrombinemia syndrome with SLE and a review of literature of similar cases published.

RESULTS: Mean age of presentation was 10.2 ± 2.38 years (mean ± SD) and female to male ratio was 4:1. All children presented with mild to severe bleeding manifestations like gum bleed, epistaxis, hematuria, menorrhagia and subarachnoid bleed. Coagulation profile revealed prolonged PT and aPTT, with low prothrombin levels and positive Lupus anticoagulant in all children. Mixing studies were characteristic in these children. On comparing laboratory parameters majority had low C3, C4 levels, ANA and anti-DsDNA antibody positivity and three children had anticardiolipin positivity. One child had lupus nephritis along with LAHPS at presentation. All responded well to steroids and supportive measures.

CONCLUSION: High index of suspicion is needed when child with lupus presents with bleeding manifestations for early diagnosis and treatment.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app