JOURNAL ARTICLE

Venous Thromboembolism in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Risk Factors and Prevention

Paolo Prandoni, Elena Campello
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis 2021 January 22
33482681
Ambulatory cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy are at a substantial risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) over the course of therapy and beyond it. Factors accounting for this risk include the activation of extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation pathways, platelet activation, impaired fibrinolysis, use of catheters, infusion of blood products, and thrombogenic potential of several chemotherapeutic drugs. A few stratification models can help identify patients at a higher risk of chemotherapy-associated VTE, who may benefit from preventive strategies. Although low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) effectively reduce the risk of VTE, current guidelines recommend against their routine use. Based on the results of recent randomized controlled clinical trials, the administration of prophylactic doses of the novel direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) to ambulatory cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy has the potential to offer an effective and safe protection against VTE, obviating the inconveniences of heparins. Except for patients in whom the novel drugs are unsuitable or are contraindicated, in all other patients LMWHs should be replaced by low-dose DOACs.

Full Text Links

We have located links that may give you full text access.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33482681
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"