Protective Effect of Crocin on Liver Function and Survival in Rats With Traumatic Hemorrhagic Shock

Yang Liu, Caoyuan Yao, Yuan Wang, Xiaolin Liu, Shanggang Xu, Longbin Liang
Journal of Surgical Research 2021 January 19, 261: 301-309

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the underlying mechanism of crocin in protecting rats with traumatic hemorrhagic shock (THS) from liver injury.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 20), namely, Sham group, THS group, crocin group, and Sodium Acetate Ringer group. A rat model of THS was induced by hemorrhage from the left femur fracture. The effects of crocin on hemodynamics, cardiac output, blood gas, animal survival rate, and liver function in the rats with THS were determined, and its relationship with oxidative stress was also explored.

RESULTS: Crocin significantly improved the survival rate, hemodynamic parameters, increased tissue blood flow, and promoted the liver function of the THS rats. Further results indicated that crocin significantly inhibited oxidative stress in serum and liver tissue of THS rats, with increased levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione, and also reduced levels of malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase levels. In addition, crocin greatly increased nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase-1 level in liver tissues of THS rats.

CONCLUSIONS: The protective mechanism of crocin on the liver of THS rats may be attributed to its abilities to stabilize hemodynamics, improve cardiac output and blood gas, increase antioxidant enzyme activity, reduce serum liver enzyme levels, and promote nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase-1 pathway, thereby reducing oxidative stress.

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