JOURNAL ARTICLE

Impact of age on surgical outcomes and failure rates in patients with thyroglossal duct cysts

Liron Malka Yosef, Yonatan Lahav, Chen Hazout, Elchanan Zloczower, Doron Halperin, Oded Cohen
American Journal of Otolaryngology 2021 January 16, 42 (3): 102902
33482563

PURPOSE: Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) may appear in all age groups. The impact of age on surgical outcome has been reported with conflicting results. The aim of the study was to evaluate different risk factors for surgical success according to stratified age groups.

METHODS: A single center retrospective study. All patients who underwent a Sistrunk procedure between 2004 and 2018 were enrolled. Data included demographics, pre-operative presentation, intra\postoperative complications and surgical failures. Population groups were divided into adults (≥18 years), older children (OC, 3-18 years) and toddlers (<3 years).

RESULTS: A total of 109 patients were included: 55 adults (50.5%), 36 OC (33%) and 18 toddlers (16.5%). The adult group demonstrated a significant lower rate of surgical failures when compared to the toddler (3.6%, vs. 38.9%, P < 0.001, respectively) and the OC group (3.6%, vs 16.7%, P = 0.032, respectively). A borderline significance was found when comparing surgical failure rates among toddlers and OC (38.9% vs.16.7%, P = 0.07, respectively). Post-operative complications were associated with surgical failures among toddlers (P = 0.045) and OC (P = 0.016), but not adults. Pre-operative infection and admission were significantly associated with failure in the OC group.

CONCLUSIONS: Surgical failures following Sistrunk procedures and their associated risk factors vary between age groups. Familiarity with these rates and associations can contribute to better decision making in managing TGDC patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33482563
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"