Successful use of the impella ventricular assist device for management of reverse Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy in the setting of acute intracranial hemorrhage

Emad Barsoum, Sherif Elhosseiny, Brijesh Patel, Sankalp Pathak, Ankitkumar Patel, Pranaychandra Vaidya
Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care 2021 January 19, 50 (2): 313-315
Reverse Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (rTTC) is a rare variant of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TTC) that is characterized by hypokinesis of the base and sparing of the mid to apical wall of the left ventricle best seen on echocardiogram. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has been identified as a risk factor rTTC. Nearly around 10% of the patients with TTC develop cardiogenic shock. We hereby report the successful use of the Impella Ventricular Assist Device (Impella CP®) for management of rTTC in the setting of acute ICH. Our patient is a young female who presented with loss of consciousness after an acute headache and imaging studies revealed left posterior cerebral artery aneurysm with intraventricular hemorrhage. Subsequently the patient developed hypoxia, severe hypotension and cardiac arrest. After resuscitation, an echocardiogram showed that the patient had rTTC and a cardiac angiogram showed patent coronary arteries. The Impella CP® was successfully inserted followed by immediate cerebral angiography and aneurysmal coiling. Systemic anticoagulation was started during coiling. In the next three days, the patient's left ventricular function recovered, and she was discharged home. Up to our knowledge, this is the first case report to mark the successful placement of the Impella CP® with delayed initial anticoagulation for management of rTTC. Our patient was challenging as there are no current guidelines in the management of cardiogenic shock secondary to rTTC in the setting of acute ICH.

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