Autoimmune experimental orchitis and chronic glomerulonephritis with end stage renal disease are controlled by Cgnz1 for susceptibility to end organ damage

Zhenhuan Zhao, Hui Qiao, Y Ge, C C Kannapel, Sun-Sang J Sung, Felicia Gaskin, Kenneth S K Tung, Shu Man Fu
Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society 2021, 224: 108675
Cgnz1 on chromosome 1 mapped into a 1.34 Mb region of chromosome 1 in NZM2328 confers the progression of immune complex (IC)-mediated glomerulonephritis (GN) from acute GN (aGN) to chronic GN (cGN) with severe proteinuria and end stage renal disease in female mice. This genetic locus mediates podocyte susceptibility to IC-mediated damage. Taking advantage of the published observation that Cgnz1 is derived from NZW and that NZW is susceptible to orchitis, epididymitis and vasitis while C57L/J is resistant to these diseases, the possibility that this genetic region also confers germ cells susceptible to damage with aspermatogenesis and sterility in an active experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO) model was investigated. Male mice from multiple intrachromosome (chromosome 1) recombinant strains were subjected to immunization with a sperm homogenate in CFA with concomitant administration of Bordetella pertussis toxin. There was concordance of the progression from aGN to cGN, severe proteinuria and end stage renal disease with susceptibility of EAO in NZM2328 and its congenic strains with various chromosome 1 genetic intervals introgressed from C57L/J to NZM2328. Both resistant and susceptible strains made comparable anti-testis and anti-sperm Abs. Thus the genetic interval that determines susceptibility to EAO is identical to that of Cgnz1 and mapped to the 1.34 Mb region in chromosone 1. This region likely confers germ cells in the male gonad susceptible to damage by immunologically mediated inflammation. This region has been tentatively renamed Cgnz1/Eaoz1. These observations further emphasize the importance of end organ susceptibility to damage in the pathogenesis of both systemic and organ specific autoimmune diseases.

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