JOURNAL ARTICLE

Vaspin regulated cartilage cholesterol metabolism through miR155/LXRα and participated in the occurrence of osteoarthritis in rats

Hangyuan He, Mengting Lu, Huasong Shi, Guoping Yue, Hanwen Luo
Life Sciences 2021 January 19, : 119096
33482192

AIMS: This study intends to explore the role of Vaspin and cholesterol metabolism in the process of osteoarthritis (OA) and its mechanism in vitro and in vivo.

MAIN METHODS: In vitro, chondrocytes were treated with interleukin-1β (IL-1β, 20 ng/ml) in combination with Vaspin at different concentrations for 48 h. The expressions of Aggrecan (ACAN), Collagen 2a1 (Col2a1), A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with Thrombo Spondin type 1 motifs 5 (ADAMTS 5), and Matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) were detected. In vivo, the expression of liver X receptor (LXRα) and other Cholesterol efflux related genes were detected in the rat OA knee cartilage-induced by papain.

KEY FINDINGS: In vitro, in a concentration-dependent manner, Vaspin reversed the decreased expression of ACAN and Col2a1, and the increased expression of ADAMTS 5 and MMP13 caused by IL-1β. Besides, Vaspin promoted the expression of LXRα and other Cholesterol efflux related genes in a concentration-dependent manner in chondrocytes. However, miR155 mimics reversed the Vaspin-induced expression changes of cholesterol efflux pathway in chondrocytes. In vivo, the expression of LXRα and other Cholesterol efflux related genes were decreased in the rat OA knee cartilage-induced by papain. Besides, the level of Vaspin was reduced and the miroRNA155 (miR155) expression was increased in OA knee cartilage of rats.

SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, the decreased expression of Vaspin inhibited the expression of Cholesterol efflux pathway via miR155/LXRα. Finally, the inhibited Cholesterol efflux pathway led to the cholesterol accumulation and OA in cartilage.

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