JOURNAL ARTICLE

Timing of Intravenous Epinephrine Administration during Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Tatsuma Fukuda, Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Ryota Inokuchi, Yutaka Kondo, Takayuki Taira, Ichiro Kukita
Shock 2021 January 21
33481550

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) recommend that standard dose of epinephrine be administered every 3 to 5 minutes during cardiac arrest. However, there is controversy about the association between timing of epinephrine administration and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). This study aimed to determine whether the timing of intravenous epinephrine administration is associated with outcomes after OHCA.

METHODS: We analyzed Japanese government-led nationwide population-based registry data for OHCA. Adult OHCA patients who received intravenous epinephrine by EMS personnel in the prehospital setting from 2011 to 2017 were included. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between time to first epinephrine administration and outcomes after OHCA. Subsequently, associations between early (≤20 min) vs delayed (>20 min) epinephrine administration and outcomes after OHCA were examined using propensity score-matched analyses. The primary outcome was one-month neurologically favorable survival.

RESULTS: A total of 119,946 patients (mean [SD] age, 75.2 [14.8] years; 61.4% male) were included. The median time to epinephrine was 23 min (IQR, 19-29). Longer time to epinephrine was significantly associated with a decreased chance of one-month neurologically favorable survival (multivariable adjusted OR per minute delay, 0.91 [95%CI, 0.90-0.92]). In the propensity score-matched cohort, when compared with early (≤20 min) epinephrine, delayed (>20 min) epinephrine was associated with a decreased chance of one-month neurologically favorable survival (959/42,804 [2.2%] vs 330/42,804 [0.8%]; RR, 0.34; 95%CI, 0.30-0.39; NNT, 69).

CONCLUSIONS: Delay in epinephrine administration was associated with a decreased chance of one-month neurologically favorable survival among patients with OHCA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33481550
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"