JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gut Microbial Changes and their Contribution to Post-Burn Pathology

Marisa E Luck, Caroline J Herrnreiter, Mashkoor A Choudhry
Shock 2021 January 21
33481548
Burn injuries are a common form of traumatic injury that leads to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Burn injuries are characterized by inflammatory processes and alterations in numerous organ systems and functions. Recently, it has become apparent that the gastrointestinal bacterial microbiome is a key component of regulating the immune response and recovery from burn and can also contribute to significant detrimental sequelae after injury, such as sepsis and multiple organ failure. Microbial dysbiosis has been linked to multiple disease states, however, its role in exacerbating acute traumatic injuries, such as burn, are poorly understood. In this article, we review studies that document changes in the intestinal microbiome after burn injury, assess the implications in post-burn pathogenesis, and the potential for further discovery and research.

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