Dermal Regeneration Templates in Maxillo-Facial District: A Multipurpose Aid

Fabrizio Spallaccia, Simone Benedetti, Mauro Massarelli, Francesco Paparo, Andrea Rivaroli, Valentino Vellone
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 2021 January 20
Since 1980s, the use of dermal regeneration templates (DRT) for reconstructive purposes has been described in Literature.1 The authors present their experience of 13 patients treated with integra dermal regeneration template and a single-stage surgery for different indications like oncologic reconstruction, trauma injuries, and preprosthetic surgery in the maxillo-facial district.The authors retrospectively reviewed a total of 13 patients treated with DRT at Maxillo-Facial Department of S. Maria Hospital in Terni.Inclusion criteria included the presence of a defect nonapproachable primarily or by secondary intention with an easy locoregional flap reconstruction, a complete clinical record, and a minimum 6 months follow-up.A total of 12 patients underwent surgical reconstruction with DRT at the S. Maria Hospital from June 2018 to February 2020.During follow-up, all patients in which intraoral reconstruction was performed showed first signs of re-mucosization and neovascularization after 10 days.Only in 1 patient (8%) a seroma underneath the silicon sheet was observed. Afterward, the patient healed correctly with no other complications.Dermal regeneration template represents an option that should be considered in the head and neck district reconstruction, especially for intraoral defects where, thanks to its long-term functional results and limited alternatives, should represent a relevant choice.

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