Telehealth Exercise Intervention in Older Adults With HIV: Protocol of a Multisite Randomized Trial

Krisann K Oursler, Vincent C Marconi, Brandon C Briggs, John D Sorkin, Alice S Ryan
Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC 2021 January 20
People with HIV (PWH) have reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, but a high intensity, easily disseminated exercise program has not yet been successfully developed in older PWH. The purpose of this article is to describe a synchronous telehealth exercise intervention in older PWH, delivered from one medical center to two other centers. Eighty older PWH (≥50 years) on antiretroviral therapy will be randomized to exercise or delayed entry control groups. Functional circuit exercise training, which does not entail stationary equipment, will be provided by real-time videoconferencing, 3 times weekly for 12 weeks, to small groups. Continuous remote telemonitoring of heart rate will ensure high exercise intensity. We hypothesize that telehealth exercise will be feasible and increase cardiorespiratory fitness and reduce sarcopenia and frailty. Findings will provide new insight to target successful aging in older PWH and can also be widely disseminated to PWH of any age or other patient populations.

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