Gastric perforation in blunt abdominal trauma. Report of two cases and review of literature

Ciro De Martino, Marcello Della Corte, Pasquale Smaldone, Anna Pollio, Mariano Fortunato Armellino
Annali Italiani di Chirurgia 2021 January 20, 10
Gastric perforations as a result of blunt abdominal traumas are rare, with a reported incidence of less than 2%. Usually associated with other solid visceral injuries, isolated gastric ruptures following a blunt abdominal injury are extremely uncommon. The severity of injury, timing of presentation, time elapsed since the last meal, as well as the presence of concomitant injuries are important prognostic factors. Contrast-enhanced CT scan is the gold-standard diagnostic tool in haemodinamically stable patients and allows to detect or raise suspicion of injuries to hollow viscera in about 87% of cases. The authors report two cases of patients suffering from gastric injury following a blunt abdominal trauma. The first one with a double gastric laceration treated with suture repair. The second one with a wide laceration and tissue loss along the greater gastric curvature requiring a wedge resection. Both patients had an uneventful recovery. Authors present a brief review of the literature; a search on PubMed using the key words "blunt abdominal trauma" and "gastric injury" was performed, including all studies published in the last 20 years. Finally, the main data extracted from four reviews were examinated. KEY WORDS: Abdominal trauma, Gastric injury, Hollow viscus perforation.

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