JOURNAL ARTICLE

POTENTIAL FOR ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC MONITORING OF ANESTHETIC DEPTH IN CAPTIVE CHIMPANZEES ( PAN TROGLODYTES ) USING A NOVEL BRAIN FUNCTION MONITOR

Lauren M Mulreany, Andrew C Cushing, Anthony L Ashley, Christopher K Smith
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians 2020, 51 (3): 729-732
33480552
The electroencephalogram (EEG) waveform can predictably change with depth of anesthesia, and algorithms such as the Patient State index (PSi) have been developed to convert the waveform into a user-friendly objective reading of anesthetic depth. In this study, PSi values were measured in 10 captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) during three phases of an anesthetic event. Phase 1 included sedation with dexmedetomidine, midazolam, and ketamine. Phase 2 started with administration of an α-2 antagonist and isoflurane. Phase 3 started with discontinuing isoflurane and ended with spontaneous movement and extubation. Initial PSi readings for phase 1 were high at 74.5 ± 12.2 (mean ± SD), before declining to 24.1 ± 5.3 for the remainder of the phase. Phase 2 PSi values were recorded as 21.4 ± 5.4 and then climbed during phase 3. Spontaneous movement was recorded at PSi values of 72 to 79. Electroencephalographic monitoring via PSi was successfully performed during three phases of anesthesia in the chimpanzees and was consistent with human values reported during general anesthesia. This paper serves as a preliminary investigation into EEG monitoring of chimpanzees, and further work is needed for its validation.

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