JOURNAL ARTICLE

Long-Term Outcomes of Cadaveric Lobar Lung Transplantation: An Important Surgical Option

Ilhan Inci, Mace M Schuurmans, Claudio Caviezel, Sven Hillinger, Isabelle Opitz, Didier Schneiter, Walter Weder
Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2021 January 20
33473053

BACKGROUND: Cadaveric lobar lung transplantation (L-LTx) is developed to overcome donor-recipient size mismatch. Controversial short- and long-term outcomes following L-LTx have been reported compared to full-sized lung transplantation (F-LTx). This study reports long-term outcomes after L-LTx.

METHODS: We reviewed patients undergoing lung transplantation (LTx) between 2000 and 2016. The decision to perform L-LTx was made based mainly on donor-recipient height discrepancy and visual assessment of donor lungs. Predicted donor-recipient total lung capacity (TLC) ratio was calculated more recently. Primary outcome was overall survival.

RESULTS: In all, 370 bilateral LTx were performed during the study period, among those 250 (67%) underwent F-LTx and 120 (32%) underwent L-LTx, respectively. One- and 5-year survival rates were 85% vs. 90% and 53% vs. 63% for L-LTx and F-LTx, respectively (p = 0.16). Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD)-free survival at 5 years was 48% in L-LTx vs. 51% in F-LTx recipients (p = 0.89), respectively. Age, intraoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and postoperative renal replacement therapy (RRT) were significant prognostic factors for survival using multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall survival and CLAD-free survival following L-LTx were comparable to F-LTx. Given the ongoing donor organ shortage, cadaveric L-LTx remains as an important resource in LTx.

Full Text Links

We have located open access full text paper links.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
33473053
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"