Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Primary Graft Dysfunction After Lung Transplantation

Takashi Harano, John P Ryan, Matthew R Morrell, James D Luketich, Pablo G Sanchez
ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs 2021 January 11
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used as the last resort for primary graft dysfunction (PGD). The aim of this study is to explore the predictors and outcomes for early mortality in postlung transplant patients who required ECMO for PGD. Between January 2006 and December 2015, 1,049 cases of lung transplantation were performed at our center. Ninety-six patients required ECMO support after lung transplantation, 52 patients (54%) had PGD. Seven patients (13.5%) required venoarterial ECMO due to concomitant hemodynamical instability, and the others required venovenous ECMO. The patients were on ECMO for 5.00 ± 10.6 days. Forty-four patients (84.6%) were successfully decannulated. The 90 day, 1 year, and 5 year survival of patients who required ECMO for PGD after lung transplantation were 67.3%, 50.0%, and 31.5%, respectively. Cox regression indicated that when the patient was placed on ECMO later than 48 hours after transplantation, the patient could have higher in-house mortality (hazard ratio, 2.79; 95% CI, 1.21-6.43) and also higher 3 year mortality (hazard ratio, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.13-4.68) regardless of the patients' preoperative conditions or complexity of lung transplantation. Earlier recognition of PGD and initiation of ECMO may be beneficial in this population.

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