JOURNAL ARTICLE

Tools to predict acute traumatic coagulopathy in the pre-hospital setting: a review of the literature

Simon Robinson, Jordan Kirton
British paramedic journal 2020 December 1, 5 (3): 23-30
33456394

Introduction: Recognising acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) poses a significant challenge to improving survival in emergency care. Paramedics are in a prime position to identify ATC in pre-hospital major trauma and initiate appropriate coagulopathy management.

Method: A database literature review was conducted using Scopus, CINAHL and MEDLINE.

Results: Two themes were identified from four studies: prediction tools, and point-of-care testing. Prediction tools identified key common ATC markers in the pre-hospital setting, including: systolic blood pressure, reduced Glasgow Coma Score and trauma to the chest, abdomen and pelvis. Point-of-care testing was found to have limited value.

Conclusion: Future research needs to explore paramedics using prediction tools in identifying ATC, which could alert hospitals to prepare for blood products for damage control resuscitation.

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