JOURNAL ARTICLE

Exploration of the immune cell infiltration related gene signature in the prognosis of melanoma

Yangyang Zeng, Yulan Zeng, Hang Yin, Fengxia Chen, Qingqing Wang, Xiaoyan Yu, Yunfeng Zhou
Aging 2021 January 10, 12
33428606
Melanoma is a life-threatening form of skin cancer with an elevated risk of metastasis and high mortality rates. The prognosis and clinical outcomes of cancer immunotherapy in melanoma patients are influenced by immune cell infiltration in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and the expression of genetic factors. Despite reports suggesting that immune-classification may have a better prediction of prognosis compared to the American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control (AJCC/UICC) TNM-classification, the definition of Immunoscore in melanoma is becoming a difficult challenge. In this study, we established and verified a 7-gene prognostic signature. Melanoma patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were separated into a low-risk group and a high-risk group using the median risk score. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for overall survival (OS) showed that the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.701 for 1 year, 0.726 for 3 years, and 0.745 for 5 years, respectively. Moreover, a nomogram was constructed as a practical prognostic tool, and the AUC was 0.829 for 3 years, and 0.803 for 5 years, respectively. Furthermore, we validated the above results in two datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and the relationship between 7-gene prognostic signature and immune infiltration estimated.

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