Journal Article
Systematic Review
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Inflammatory Fibroid Polyp of the Gastrointestinal Tract: A Systematic Review for a Benign Tumor.

In Vivo 2021
BACKGROUND/AIM: Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a rare, usually solitary and intraluminal polypoid benign tumor that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, although in the majority of cases it affects the stomach. This lesion is characterized by proliferation of highly vascular fibrous tissue and infiltration by a variable number of different inflammatory cells. Its etiology is unknown. Our aim was to describe all the reported data concerning IFP.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search of the PubMed Index was performed for publications with titles or abstracts containing the terms: "inflammatory fibroid polyp" with/without "Vanek". Results were filtered for publications in English and concerning only humans. One hundred and twenty-four publications were finally included in this review.

RESULTS: IFP has a female predominance. It affects patients in their 5th decade of life, although there are cases of patients from 4 to 84 years of age. IFP usually affects the stomach and more specifically the gastric antrum but can be detected throughout the GI tract. A significant number of cases remain asymptomatic but the most frequent presentations of IFP are abdominal pain, acute abdomen and GI bleeding. Most cases are treated by endoscopic resection of the lesion. No recurrence nor IFP-specific complications have been reported. Histopathology of IFP varies.

CONCLUSION: It is relatively safe to conclude that both the etiology and the timing of diagnosis might change the histopathology, immunohistological staining and tissue structure of IFP. Suggested theories should be taken into consideration with caution as the etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms of IFP are unknown.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app