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Increased Aortic Stiffness and Left Ventricular Dysfunction Exist After Truncus Arteriosus Repair

Matthew L Stone, Michal Schäfer, Johannes C von Alvensleben, Lorna P Browne, Michael Di Maria, David N Campbell, James Jaggers, Max B Mitchell
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2021, 112 (3): 809-815

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether aortic biomechanical properties are abnormal in children with repaired truncus arteriosus (TA) and to concurrently evaluate left ventricular (LV) function post-repair utilizing a novel platform for regional ventricular function.

METHODS: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) studies from 26 children (mean age: 15.6 ± 7.2 years) post-TA repair were compared with 20 normal controls (mean age: 14.7 ± 2.6 years). Parameters of aortic stiffness (pulse wave velocity and relative area change) were measured. Flow hemodynamic metrics (aortic regurgitant fraction, peak systolic flow, and peak systolic velocity) and LV function (volumetric data, ejection fraction, regional wall strain) were also compared.

RESULTS: Ascending aortic pulse wave velocity was elevated and relative area change was decreased in TA patients compared with controls. Patients post-TA repair demonstrated elevated end diastolic and end systolic volumes in addition to decreased regional wall strain and increased mechanical dyssynchrony. LV functional changes were independent of aortic biomechanical properties.

CONCLUSIONS: Children with repaired TA have increased ascending aortic stiffness and altered LV function as measured by CMR imaging. Longitudinal studies and advanced CMR assessments are warranted to better determine the long-term potential for late aortic complications and to optimize both the medical and surgical management of these patients after TA repair.

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