Infantile fibrosarcoma-like tumor driven by novel RBPMS-MET fusion consolidated with cabozantinib

Ajay Gupta, Jennifer A Belsky, Kathleen M Schieffer, Kristen Leraas, Elizabeth Varga, Sean D McGrath, Selene C Koo, Vincent Magrini, Richard K Wilson, Peter White, Elaine R Mardis, Kris R Jatana, Catherine E Cottrell, Bhuvana A Setty
Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies 2020, 6 (5)
Infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) is nearly universally driven by gene fusions involving the NTRK family. ETV6-NTRK3 fusions account for ∼85% of alterations; the remainder are attributed to NTRK-variant fusions. Rarely, other genomic aberrations have been described in association with tumors identified as IFS or IFS-like. We describe the utility of genomic characterization of an IFS-like tumor. We also describe the successful treatment combination of VAC (vincristine, actinomycin, cyclophosphamide) with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) maintenance in this entity. This patient presented at birth with a right facial mass, enlarging at 1 mo to 4.9 × 4.5 × 6.3 cm. Biopsy demonstrated hypercellular fascicles of spindle cells with patchy positivity for smooth muscle actin (SMA) and negativity for S100, desmin, myogenin, and MyoD1. Targeted RNA sequencing identified a novel RBPMS-MET fusion with confirmed absence of ETV6-NTRK3 , and the patient was diagnosed with an IFS-like tumor. A positron emission tomography (PET) scan was negative for metastatic disease. VAC was given for a duration of 10 mo. Resection at 13 mo of age demonstrated positive margins. Cabozantinib, a MET-targeting TKI, was initiated. The patient tolerated cabozantinib well and has no evidence of disease at 24 mo of age. We describe a novel RBPMS-MET driver fusion in association with a locally aggressive IFS-like tumor. MET functions as an oncogene and, when associated with the RNA binding protein RBPMS, forms an in-frame fusion product that retains the MET kinase domain. This fusion is associated with aberrant cell signaling pathway expression and subsequent malignancy. We describe treatment with cabozantinib in a patient with an IFS-like neoplasm.

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