DICER1 -associated metastatic abdominopelvic primitive neuroectodermal tumor with an EWSR1 rearrangement in a 16-yr-old female

Alessia Pancaldi, Lei Peng, Daniel S Rhee, Emily Dunn, Jessica A Forcucci, Deborah Belchis, Christine A Pratilas
Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies 2020, 6 (5)
We report a case of a DICER1 -associated EWSR1 -rearranged malignant primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising in a patient with DICER1 tumor predisposition syndrome. A 16-yr-old female with a history of multinodular goiter presented with a widely metastatic abdominal small round blue cell tumor with neuroectodermal differentiation. EWSR1 gene rearrangement was identified in the tumor by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Genetic analysis revealed biallelic pathogenic DICER1 variation. The patient was treated with an aggressive course of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation with complete pathologic response. We believe this case to represent a new expression of the DICER1 tumor predisposition syndrome, an entity caused by deleterious germline mutations in the DICER1 gene, encoding a ribonuclease active in the processing of miRNA. Patients with germline mutations in DICER1 develop a diverse group of benign and malignant tumors. Some of these tumors have been noted to have immature neuroepithelium as a component, including the ciliary body medulloepithelioma and the recently described DICER1 -associated presacral malignant teratoid neoplasm. To our knowledge, abdominal sarcomas that resemble PNET histology with an EWSR1 rearrangement have not previously been described as a classical expression of the DICER1 syndrome phenotype.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"