Resveratrol Rescues Human Corneal Epithelial Cells Cultured in Hyperosmolar Conditions: Potential for Dry Eye Disease Treatment

Rohit Shetty, Murali Subramani, Ponnalagu Murugeswari, Venkata Ramana Anandula, Himanshu Matalia, Chaitra Jayadev, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Debashish Das
Cornea 2020 September 16

PURPOSE: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface condition across age groups. Recently, vitamin D deficiency has gained importance as a causative factor, and its supplementation alleviates symptoms of DED. Resveratrol (RES) regulates vitamin D receptors (VDRs) and Notch signaling. We investigated the role of RES on vitamin D levels and Notch signaling under hyperosmolar conditions.

METHODS: Human corneal epithelial (HCE-T) cells were treated with RES in hyperosmolar and normal conditions. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and western blot analysis were performed for estimating reactive oxygen species, VDR, secreted 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, and Notch signaling pathway molecules in treated and control cells.

RESULTS: HCE-T cells in hyperosmolar conditions had increased reactive oxygen species levels and decreased vitamin D levels that got restored in the presence of RES. Hyperosmolarity also reduced VDR expression and Notch activity that normalized to original levels with RES. In the presence of Notch blocker LY-411575, RES could not restore VDR expression or secreted vitamin D levels in HCE-T cells exposed to hyperosmolar conditions, whereas recombinant Jagged1 restored vitamin D and VDR levels.

CONCLUSIONS: RES restores vitamin D levels in hyperosmolar conditions most likely through activation of Notch signaling. Hence, RES can be a potential adjuvant in DED for patients considered for vitamin D treatment.

Full Text Links

We have located links that may give you full text access.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"