MET exon 14 skipping mutation, amplification and overexpression in pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma: A multi-center study

Xue-Wen Liu, Xin-Ru Chen, Yu-Ming Rong, Ning Lyu, Chun-Wei Xu, Fang Wang, Wen-Yong Sun, San-Gao Fang, Jing-Ping Yuan, Hui-Juan Wang, Wen-Xian Wang, Wen-Bin Huang, Jian-Ping Xu, Zhen-Ying Yue, Li-Kun Chen
Translational Oncology 2020 September 10, 13 (12): 100868
High frequency of MNNG HOS transforming (MET) exon 14 skipping mutation (MET exon 14Δ) has been reported in pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas (PSCs). However, the frequencies differ greatly. Our study aims to investigate the frequency of MET alterations and the correlations among MET exon 14Δ, amplification, and protein overexpression in a large cohort of PSCs. MET exon 14Δ, amplification, and protein overexpression were detected in 124 surgically resected PSCs by using Sanger sequencing, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) respectively. MET exon 14Δ was identified in 9 (7.3%) of 124 cases, including 6 pleomorphic carcinomas, 2 spindle cell carcinomas and 1 carcinosarcoma. MET amplification and protein overexpression were detected in 6 PSCs (4.8%) and 25 PSCs (20.2%), respectively. MET amplification was significantly associated with overexpression (P < 0.001). However, MET exon 14Δ has no correlation with MET amplification (P = 0.370) and overexpression (P = 0.080). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that pathologic stage (hazard ratio [HR], 2.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28-6.01; P = 0.010) and MET amplification (HR, 4.71; 95% CI, 1.31-16.98; P = 0.018) were independent prognostic factors for poor median overall survival (mOS). MET alterations including MET exon 14Δ and amplification should be recommended as routine clinical testing in PSCs patients who may benefit from MET inhibitors. MET IHC appears to be an efficient screen tool for MET amplification in PSCs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"