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Advances in our understanding of gout as an auto-inflammatory disease.

Gout, the most common inflammatory arthritis, is the result of hyperuricemia and inflammation induced by monosodium urate (MSU) crystal deposition. However, most people with hyperuricemia will never develop gout, implying a molecular-genetic contribution to the development of gout. Recent genomic studies reveal links between certain genetic variations and gout. We highlight recent advances in our understanding of gout as an auto-inflammatory disease. We review the auto-inflammatory aspects of gout, including the inflammasome and thirteen gout-associated inflammatory-pathway genes and associated comorbidities. This information provides important insights into emerging immune-modulating targets in the management of gout, and future novel therapeutic targets in gout treatment. Cumulatively, this has important implications for treating gout as an auto-inflammatory disease, as opposed to a purely metabolic disease.

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