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Albinism.

Genetic abnormalities of the melanin pigment system in which the synthesis of melanin is reduced or absent are called albinism. The reduction in melanin synthesis can involve the skin, hair follicle, and eye, resulting in oculocutaneous albinism, or can be localized primarily to the eye, resulting in ocular albinism. Approximately 1 in 17,000 individuals in the United States has oculocutaneous albinism, and more than 1 per cent of the population are heterozygous for a gene producing albinism.

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