JOURNAL ARTICLE

Benefits of early administration of Sacubitril/Valsartan in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Yi Zhang, Yongbo Wu, Kai Zhang, Zili Ke, Peng Hu, Daoqun Jin
Coronary Artery Disease 2020 August 27
32868662

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of early administration of Sacubitril/Valsartan (Sac/Val) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).

METHODS: This prospective, controlled, single-center study randomized 186 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients to one of the following two groups: Sac/Val group: early administration of Sac/Val within 24 hours after pPCI; control group: conventional angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) application. The creatine Kinase (CK) peak after the surgery, the incidence of acute heart failure during hospitalization, level of NT-proBNP and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured by ultrasound before discharge and soluble suppression of tumorigenicity2 (sST2), LVEF, infarct size determined by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), readmission rate within 6 months were recorded and compared between two groups.

RESULTS: Compared to the control group, Sac/Val could decrease the CK peak and the incidence of acute heart failure after pPCI; the level of NT-proBNP was lower and LVEF was higher before discharge in the Sac/Val group. After 6 months, the patients who had taken Sac/Val had a higher LVEF, a smaller infarct size determined by SPECT, lower sST2 and readmission rate.

CONCLUSION: Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction after primary percutaneous coronary intervention could benefit from early administration of Sacubitril/Valsartan, the effect was superior to conventional ACEI.

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