Barbed versus conventional thread used in laparoscopic gastric bypass: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Mohamed Ali Chaouch, Tarek Kellil, Sahbi Khaled Taieb, Khadija Zouari
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 2021, 406 (4): 1015-1022

INTRODUCTION: Hand-sewn gastrointestinal anastomosis during laparoscopic gastric bypass (GBP) could be performed using the conventional multifilament suture (CS) or a barbed suture (BS). This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to assess the advantages and disadvantages of these two anastomosis alternatives.

METHODS: Bibliographic search for relevant studies was performed, according to the PRISMA guidelines, to perform the systematic review with meta-analysis. RevMan was applied to analyze the data using the random effects size.

RESULTS: Eight studies were eligible for analysis including 26,340 patients. These patients underwent a single gastric bypass or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. According to the available data from this systematic review with meta-analysis, BS in GBP ensures similar morbidity rate (OR = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.82 to 1.31, p = 0.74) with shorter operative time (MD = - 7.90, 95% CI: - 12.95 to - 2.84, p = 0.002). BS is similar to CS in terms of anastomotic leak (OR: 1.25, 95% CI: 0.90 to 1.73, p = 0.19), stricture (OR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.32 to 2.44, p = 0.82), bleeding (OR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.20 to 1.86, p = 0.39), and hospital stay (MD: 0.04, 95% CI: - 0.28 to 1.86, p = 0.81). On the other way, BS is cheaper than CS.

CONCLUSION: The majority of studies were retrospectives. One study included the large majority of retained patients; thus then, this comparison should be interpreted with caution. BS and CS in gastrointestinal anastomosis during GBP are feasible and safe. BS is faster and cheaper with similar postoperative outcomes.

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