Modern Lipid Management: A Literature Review

Jahanzeb Malik, Hassan Shabeer, Uzma Ishaq, Humaira Chauhan, Hina Fatima Akhtar
Curēus 2020 July 24, 12 (7): e9375
Pro-protein convertase subtilisin/Kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors are relatively new, non-statin, lipid-lowering drugs that reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 60%. PCSK9 inhibitors reduce the blood concentrations of cholesterol by the degradation of LDL receptors, which subsequently extracts cholesterol from cells. This leads to cardiovascular risk reduction in various at-risk populations, including atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Despite their promise for advanced lipid-lowering ability, cost-effectiveness is a barrier to their routine use. While searching PubMed, we extracted land-mark trials on two of the anti-PCSK9 monoclonal antibodies, alirocumab and evolocumab. When combined with statins or ezetimibe, they show an exponential fall in LDL-C levels, helping achieve target values in high-risk populations and decreasing cardiovascular adverse events. Ongoing research is exploring the long-term efficacy of these antibodies in established coronary artery disease and familial hypercholesterolemia with more prospects for this novel lipid-lowering therapy.

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once again western medicine is putting a Band-Aid on a problem without fixing it! Let's start treating health instead of managing disease!


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