JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effects of Angiotensin-Neprilysin Inhibition in Canines with Experimentally Induced Cardiorenal Syndrome

Hani N Sabbah, Kefei Zhang, Ramesh C Gupta, Jiang Xu, Vinita Singh-Gupta
Journal of Cardiac Failure 2020 August 22
32841710

BACKGROUND: Sacubitril/valsartan (Sac/Val), a combined angiotensin-II receptor blocker (Val) and neprilysin inhibitor (Sac) in a 1:1 molar ratio, was shown to decrease the risk of cardiovascular death or heart failure (HF) hospitalization in patients with HF and reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. This study examined the effects of Sac/Val on LV structure, function, and bioenergetics, and on biomarkers of kidney injury and kidney function in dogs with experimental cardiorenal syndrome.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen dogs with cardiorenal syndrome (coronary microembolization-induced HF and renal dysfunction) were randomized to 3 months Sac/Val therapy (100 mg once daily, n = 7) or no therapy (control, n = 7). LV ejection fraction and troponin-I, as well as biomarkers of kidney injury/function including serum creatinine and urinary kidney injury molecule-1 were measured before and at end of therapy and the change (treatment effect change) calculated. Mitochondrial function measures, including the maximum rate of adenosine triphosphate synthesis, were measured in isolated cardiomyocytes at end of therapy. In Sac/Val dogs, the change in ejection fraction increased compared with controls, 6.9 ± 1.4 vs 0.7 ± 0.6%, P < .002, whereas change in troponin I decreased, -0.16 ± 0.03 vs -0.03 ± 0.02 ng/mL, P < .001. Urinary change in kidney injury molecule 1 decreased in Sac/Val-treated dogs compared with controls, -17.2 ± 7.9 vs 7.7 ± 3.0 mg/mL, P < .007, whereas the change in serum creatinine was not significantly different. Treatment with Sac/Val increased adenosine triphosphate synthesis compared with controls, 3240 ± 121 vs 986 ± 84 RLU/µg protein, P < .05.

CONCLUSIONS: In dogs with cardiorenal syndrome, Sac/Val improves LV systolic function, improves mitochondrial function and decreases biomarkers of heart and kidney injury. The results offer mechanistic insights into the benefits of Sac/Val in HF with compromised renal function.

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