Surgery for Truncus Arteriosus: Contemporary Practice

Phillip S Naimo, Igor E Konstantinov
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2021, 111 (5): 1442-1450
Surgery for truncus arteriosus has an early mortality of 3% to 20%, with a long-term survival of approximately 75% at 20 years. Nowadays, truncus arteriosus repair is mostly done in the neonatal period together with a single-staged repair of concomitant cardiovascular anomalies. There are many challenging subgroups of patients with truncus arteriosus, including those with clinically significant truncal valve insufficiency, an interrupted aortic arch, or a coronary artery anomaly. In fact, truncal valve competency appears to be the most important factor influencing the outcomes after truncus arteriosus repair. The use of a conduit during truncus arteriosus repair invariably requires reoperation on the right ventricular outflow tract. Through improvements in perioperative techniques over time, many children are now living well into adulthood after repair of truncus arteriosus, albeit with a high rate of reoperation. Despite this, the long-term outcomes of truncus arteriosus repair are good, with many patients being asymptomatic and with a quality of life comparable to the general population.

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