NMR-based metabolomics approach reveals effects of antioxidant nutrients in sepsis-induced changes in rat liver injury

Dingqiao Xu, Shanting Liao, Yan Lv, Junsong Wang, Lingyi Kong
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 2020 June 2, 85: 108440
Oxidative stress and the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of sepsis. In excess, oxidative stress is not deemed an unbalanced biochemical reaction in the critically ill rats, but it is a key pathological factor in driving systemic inflammatory response that can result in multiple organ failure in sepsis. Thus, we aimed to explore whether antioxidant nutrients could reduce or delay the oxidative stress condition of sepsis rats, and then play a prospective role in the oxidative stress condition of critical disease. In this investigation, the ability of exogenous and endogenous antioxidant nutrients (ascorbate, taurine and glutathione) to prevent sepsis-induced changes in liver injury was examined using a rat model of sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), and the underlying mechanisms were also investigated. The effects of three antioxidants on sepsis were assessed based on biochemical assays in combination with an NMR-based metabolomics approach and correlation network analysis. Our results suggested that ascorbate, taurine and glutathione had broadly similar protective effects on reducing oxidative stress. Compared with CLP rats, antioxidant-treated rats exhibited alleviated (P<.05) organ dysfunction and improved liver pathology. Moreover, taurine showed a better efficacy compared with ascorbate and glutathione, evidenced by significantly reversed metabolomics profiles toward normal state. Under conditions of sepsis, antioxidants suppressed inflammatory responses by restraining key signaling pathways, including the redox-sensitive transcription factor pathways of NF-κB and MAPK. Collectively, our findings suggested that antioxidant nutrients exerted beneficial effects on septic rats via protecting mitochondrial.

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