Dermatological Manifestations in Patients With SARS-CoV-2: A Systematic Review

Abdulelah Almutairi, Mohammed Alfaleh, Muath Alasheikh
Curēus 2020 July 28, 12 (7): e9446
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been initially defined as a disease of the respiratory tract; however, with the increasing number of patients and announcing that the virus became a pandemic, new systemic clinical manifestations are observed, including dermatological manifestations. However, the identification and characteristics of these manifestations are still controversial. This review article aims to evaluate the medical literature and explore the dermatological clinical manifestations in patients with SARS-CoV-2. The literature was reviewed through MEDLINE®, Ovid, PubMed®, and Embase®. Searching terms included were a combination of "dermatological" OR "skin" AND "symptoms" OR "manifestations" AND "SARS-CoV-2". The following step was filtering the results to include only original research studies investigating the different types of skin and dermatological clinical manifestations in patients with SARS-CoV-2. A total of 879 studies were retrieved. Following the exclusion of studies on animals and including only studies on humans, 32 studies emerged. Altogether, seven studies were identified as eligible, covering 555 patients with SARS-CoV-2 who had dermatological symptoms. Three studies were retrospective, two studies were prospective, and two studies were case series. Different types of dermatological lesions can occur in patients with SARS-CoV-2, most commonly erythema, urticaria, and varicella-like rash. Dermatological manifestations with SARS-CoV-2 can be misdiagnosed with other conditions. Further studies with robust design are needed.

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