[Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with femoral tunnel via medial portal vs trans-tibial]

E G Carriedo-Rico, P García-Morato-Jorreto
Acta Ortopédica Mexicana 2019, 33 (6): 376-381
Anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACL) of the knee is a severe traumatic injury that greatly decreases the function and sometimes leaves very important sequelae for the young patient so surgery for ligament reconstruction is the suitable treatment, there are several techniques for the elaboration of tunnels with difference in the portals, the methods of fixation and the different grafts used and each one of the authors defend their techniques giving their advantages and disadvantages and possible complications associated. The objective of this study was to assess the advantages or not of two approaches to the femoral side for the passage of the graft or implants. Material and methods: Two similar groups in this observational, transversal, retrospective and analytical study in patients operated by the same surgeon and assistants. In a period of time of three year, 80 patients were operated, 42 of them by medial portal and 38 of them via trans tibial. Results: The male sex in both groups was the predominant one, the parameters of ease were assessed to observe the passage of the tendon or graft, the passage of the femoral implant, the ease of the implant grip, the tension of the same and the operative time in both groups. The result was conclusive being an p 0.06 contemplating the best result in patients operated by medial portal.

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