JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Use of tranexamic acid in primary total knee arthroplasty]

F G Dobarganes-Barlow, A López-Villers, C Trueba-Vasavilbaso, J M Navarrete-Álvarez, A A Rebuelta-Cancio, A Guevara-Álvarez, F A Garcini-Munguia, S Téllez-Hoyos
Acta Ortopédica Mexicana 2019, 33 (6): 352-356
32767875

BACKGROUND: Reducing blood loss and transfusions in patients operated on primary TKR is associated with a better clinical and functional outcome. The use of Tranexamic Acid (ATX) is one of the methods used to decrease that bleeding.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results in Hb, Hto, rate of bleeding and transfusion, surgical time and pain between groups A (with ATX) and group B (without tranexamic acid) after TKR are compared. Results: Statistically significant differences were found during surgery and perisurgical bleeding, in the decrease of Hb at 24 hours, transfusion rate, surgical time and pain to wandering in favor of group A.

DISCUSSION: There are no published studies in Mexico on the use of ATX in patients operated on TKR. We consider its use to be increasingly common, the optimal dose and route of administration remains a controversial topic.

CONCLUSION: The use of ATX in the proposed scheme is safe and effective in reducing the rate of bleeding and transfusions in patients operated on ATR.

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