Allopurinol: Sorrow to the marrow

U R Raaju, Siddharth Gosavi, K Sriharsha
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2020, 9 (5): 2511-2513
32754532
Allopurinol is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor used in management of chronic gout. It acts by reducing the amount of uric acid by inhibiting purine metabolism. A middle-aged hypertensive female who was on allopurinol for 7 months presented with generalized weakness and exertional dyspnea. Investigations revealed pancytopenia: normocytic normochromic anemia (Hb-3.2g/dL, TLC-3400/mm3) and severe thrombocytopenia (Platelets-1000/mm3) with mild hepatosplenomegaly and grade 2 medico renal disease with normal cardiac status. Nutritional, hemolytic and infective causes were ruled out. She was transfused with fresh whole blood, platelets, administered empirical antibiotics and started on steroids. Initially, she responded to treatment but later developed an episode of convulsions with anuria and succumbed to leukopenic sepsis secondary to hypo/aplastic anemia probably due to allopurinol. Allopurinol is used extensively in the management of chronic gout and is well tolerated due to its safety profile. But we here report a case of allopurinol induced aplastic anemia leading to the demise of a patient. Allopurinol though safe needs careful monitoring.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32754532
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"