JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Practical Strategy for Treating Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)-Associated with Hypertension

Daisuke Nagata, Erika Hishida, Takahiro Masuda
International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease 2020, 13: 171-178
32753932
When renal function declines, blood pressure rises, which in turn causes the kidneys to deteriorate. In order to stop this vicious cycle, it is necessary to lower the blood pressure to a "moderate" level in patients who have chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated hypertension. Such optimization is problematic, since tight control of blood pressure might worsen the prognosis in elderly patients with CKD, especially those with advanced arteriosclerosis. Although renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors, angiotensinogen converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are first-line drugs for hypertensive patients with diabetes, they should be used with caution depending on the patients' conditions. Recently, there has been a focus on the preventive effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, anti-diabetic drugs that have been shown to have an impact, on heart and kidney complications. SGLT2 inhibitors increase the amount of sodium chloride delivered to the macular densa of the distal tubules and correct glomerular hyperfiltration by contraction of afferent arterioles via the tubule-glomerular feedback system. It might be one of the reasons why SGLT2 inhibitors show the renal- and cardio-protective effects; however, the mechanism behind their function remains to be elucidated.

Full Text Links

We have located open access full text paper links.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32753932
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"