An Update on the Prognostic and Predictive Serum Biomarkers in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Helen Saxby, Christos Mikropoulos, Stergios Boussios
Diagnostics 2020 July 31, 10 (8)
Serum biomarkers are molecules produced by normal and abnormal cells. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is an example of a serum biomarker used widely in the diagnosis and prognostication of prostate cancer. PSA has its limitations as it is organ- but not cancer-specific. The aim of this review is to summarize the current published data on the potential prognostic and predictive biomarkers in metastatic prostate cancer (mPC) that can be used in conjunction with PSA. These biomarkers include microRNAs, androgen receptor variants, bone metabolism, neuroendocrine and metabolite biomarkers, and could guide treatment selection and sequence in an era where we strive to personalized therapy.

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