Diabetes Upregulates Oxidative Stress and Downregulates Cardiac Protection to Exacerbate Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats

Chen-Yen Chien, Ting-Jui Wen, Yu-Hsiuan Cheng, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chih-Yao Chiang, Chiang-Ting Chien
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland) 2020 July 29, 9 (8)
Diabetes exacerbates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury by incompletely understood mechanisms. We explored whether diabetes diminished BAG3/Bcl-2/Nrf-2/HO-1-mediated cardioprotection and overproduced oxidative stress contributing to exaggerated IR injury. Streptozotocin-induced diabetes enhanced hyperglycemia, cardiac NADPH oxidase p22/p67 expression, malondialdehyde amount and leukocyte infiltration, altered the mesenteric expression of 4-HNE, CaSR, p-eNOS and BAG3 and impaired microvascular reactivity to the vasoconstrictor/vasodilator by a wire myography. In response to myocardial IR, diabetes further depressed BAG3/Bcl-2/Nrf-2/HO-1 expression, increased cleaved-caspase 3/poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)/TUNEL-mediated apoptosis and exacerbated IR-induced left ventricular dysfunction characterized by further depressed microcirculation, heart rate, left ventricular systolic pressure and peak rate of pressure increase/decrease (±dp/dt) and elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and Evans blue-2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride-stained infarct size in diabetic hearts. Our results implicated diabetes exacerbated IR-induced myocardial dysfunction through downregulated BAG3/Bcl-2/Nrf-2/HO-1 expression, increased p22/p67/caspase 3/PARP/apoptosis-mediated oxidative injury and impaired microvascular reactivity.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"