JOURNAL ARTICLE

Predictors of Complications Occurrence Associated With Emergency Surgical Tracheotomy

Ana D Jotic, Jovica P Milovanovic, Aleksandar S Trivic, Miljan M Folic, Sanja B Krejovic-Trivic, Zorana Z Radin, Marko N Buta, Biljana R Milicic
Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery 2020 August 4, : 194599820947001
32746729

OBJECTIVE: In emergency airway management, the occurrence of surgical tracheotomy complications is increased and may be fatal for the patient. However, the factors that play a role in complication occurrence and lead to lethal outcome are not known. The objective of this study was to determine predictors associated with the occurrence of complications and mortality after emergency surgical tracheostomy.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study with a systematic review of the literature.

SETTING: Tertiary medical academic center.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We included 402 adult patients who underwent emergency surgical tracheostomy under local anesthesia due to upper airway obstruction. Demographic, clinical, complication occurrence, and mortality data were collected. For statistical analysis, univariable and multivariable logistic regression methods were used.

RESULTS: In multivariable analysis, significant positive predictors of complication occurrence were previously performed tracheotomy (odds ratio [OR] 3.67, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.75-17.88), neck pathology (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.1-1.77), and tracheotomy performed outside the operating room (OR 5.88, 95% CI, 1.58-20). General in-hospital mortality was 4%, but lethal outcome as a direct result of tracheotomy complications occurred in only 4 patients (1%) because of intraoperative and postoperative complications.

CONCLUSION: The existence of neck pathology and situations in which tracheotomy was performed outside the operating room in uncontrolled conditions were significant prognostic factors for complication occurrence. Tracheotomy-related mortality was greater in patients with intraoperative and early postoperative complications. Clinicians should be aware of the increased risk in specific cases, to prepare, prevent, or manage unwanted outcomes in further treatment and care.

Full Text Links

We have located links that may give you full text access.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32746729
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"