Is Lanreotide Really Useful in High Output Stoma? Comparison between Lanreotide to Conventional Antidiarrheal Treatment Alone

Yannis Mesli, Lise Holterbach, Jean-Baptiste Delhorme, Zaher Lakkis, Pablo Ortega-Deballon, Sophie Deguelte, Serge Rohr, Cécile Brigand, Nicolas Meyer, Benoit Romain
Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research 2020 August 4, : 1-5

BACKGROUND: The incidence of high-output stoma (HOS) was reported to be approximately 3 to 16% in the literature, and HOS can cause dehydration. This complication is often severe enough to warrant hospital readmission and may result in renal failure. The aim of this study was to show a decrease of 50% in ileostomy output in the experimental arm using lanreotide treatment.

METHODS: Patients with an ileostomy output ≥ 1.5 l/24 hours were included in this prospective, open, multicentre randomized trial. Patients were randomly allocated between treatment arms with either lanreotide (LAN) and antidiarrhoeal treatments (TAD) (LAN-TAD group) or antidiarrhoeal treatments only (TADS group). The primary outcome was ileostomy output after 72 days. The secondary endpoints were ileostomy output during the first 6 days, blood urea and creatinine values, hospital length of stay and serious adverse events.

RESULTS: In the per-protocol analysis, there were nine patients in the control group (TADS) and six patients in the experimental group (TAD-LAN group). The stoma outputs at Day 3 (D3) in the experimental and control groups were 1,900 ± 855.7 mL and 1,728.6 ± 845.5 mL, respectively ( p  = 0.2). No differences were found concerning stoma output at D6, renal function, or hospital length of stay between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: The trial was prematurely stopped due to the low number of patients included. The question of the usefulness of somatostatin analogues in HOS persists, especially as the cost of this treatment is high, and there is a lack of evidence of its effectiveness.

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