JOURNAL ARTICLE

Histone H3K9 methylation regulates chronic stress and IL-6-induced colon epithelial permeability and visceral pain

John W Wiley, Ye Zong, Gen Zheng, Shengtao Zhu, Shuangsong Hong
Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society 2020 August 2, : e13941
32743845

BACKGROUND: Chronic stress is associated with activation of the HPA axis, elevation in pro-inflammatory cytokines, decrease in intestinal epithelial cell tight junction (TJ) proteins, and enhanced visceral pain. It is unknown whether epigenetic regulatory pathways play a role in chronic stress-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction and visceral hyperalgesia.

METHODS: Young adult male rats were subjected to water avoidance stress ± H3K9 methylation inhibitors or siRNAs. Visceral pain response was assessed. Differentiated Caco-2/BBE cells and human colonoids were treated with cortisol or IL-6 ± antagonists. Expression of TJ, IL-6, and H3K9 methylation status at gene promoters was measured. Transepithelial electrical resistance and FITC-dextran permeability were evaluated.

KEY RESULTS: Chronic stress induced IL-6 up-regulation prior to a decrease in TJ proteins in the rat colon. The IL-6 level inversely correlated with occludin expression. Treatment with IL-6 decreased occludin and induced visceral hyperalgesia. Chronic stress and IL-6 increased H3K9 methylation and decreased transcriptional GR binding to the occludin gene promoter, leading to down-regulation of protein expression and increase in paracellular permeability. Intrarectal administration of a H3K9 methylation antagonist prevented chronic stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia in the rat. In a human colonoid model, cortisol decreased occludin expression, which was prevented by the GR antagonist RU486, and IL-6 increased H3K9 methylation and decreased TJ protein levels, which were prevented by inhibitors of H3K9 methylation.

CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: Our findings support a novel role for methylation of the repressive histone H3K9 to regulate chronic stress, pro-inflammatory cytokine-mediated reduction in colon TJ protein levels, and increase in paracellular permeability and visceral hyperalgesia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32743845
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"