JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of mild obstructive sleep apnea in mountaineers during the climb to Mount Aconcagua

Alvaro Emilio Ortiz-Naretto, Miriam Patricia Pereiro, Glenda Ernst, Juan Manuel Aramburo, Ana María Tovo, Andres Vázquez-Fernández, Eduardo Borsini
Sleep Science 2020, 13 (2): 138-144
32742585

Objective: to compare mountaineers with and without asymptomatic sleep apnea (OSA) before the ascent and to study high altitude-related sleep disorders, its interaction with metabolic, neuroendocrine and immunological components.

Material and Methods: During an expedition to Mount Aconcagua, researchers assessed the respiratory polygraphy (RP), clinical condition and inflammatory parameters, and rhythm of cortisol secretion in mountaineers sleeping at different altitude camps.

Results: 8 athletes (4 women), 36 years old (25-51) participated. Baseline and final BMI were; 23.6 (20.9-28.7) and 22.77 (20.9-27.7), respectively: p<0.01. 40 valid RP recordings were analyzed. At 746 m.a.s.l. (baseline), only 2 mountaineers presented mild asymptomatic OSA. The OSA group presented baseline apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values between 5-15 events per hour, which evidence a mild respiratory sleep disorder with AHI increased by altitude depending of central apneas and hypopneas (p<0.05) as high altitude periodic breathing pattern but no increase in obstructive apneas (p<0.01). The circadian rhythm of cortisol was maintained in all cases in which they had not received treatment with dexamethasone and their values increased with the altitude reached. Increased systolic blood pressure was observed in the OSA group.

Conclusion: In a context of hypobaric hypoxia, individuals with pre-existing asymptomatic OSA are prone to experiencing lower oxygen saturations and clinical deterioration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32742585
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"