Regulation of Angiopoietin-2 Before and After Mechanical Circulatory Support Therapy

Makiko Nakamura, Teruhiko Imamura, Masakazu Hori, Masaki Nakagaito, Hiroshi Ueno, Shigeki Yokoyama, Toshio Doi, Kazuaki Fukahara, Koichiro Kinugawa
ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs 2020 July 23
Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) during mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is a major unsolved comorbidity. Inadequate activation of angiopoietin-2-related systems is considered as a major cause of GIB. However, the regulation of angiopoietin-2 remains unknown. Consecutive 20 patients who received continuous-flow MCS therapy (MCS group) and 12 with advanced heart failure (HF; HF group) were prospectively enrolled and their angiopoetin-2 levels were compared. Angiopoietin-2 level had a moderate correlation with log10 B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP; r = 0.39, p < 0.001). The MCS group had significantly higher angiopoietin-2 level divided by log10 BNP compared with the HF group (2.80 ± 0.20 vs. 1.88 ± 0.17, p < 0.001). Angiopoetin-2 had a moderate correlation with central venous pressure and C-reactive protein during the MCS support (r = 0.51 and r = 0.45, respectively). Higher angiopoietin-2 level divided by log10 BNP (> 4.3) was significantly associated with the occurrence of GIB with a hazard ratio of 296 (95% confidence interval 2.24-38620, p = 0.0224). Angiopoietin-2 was already elevated in the HF cohort and more elevated following MCS initiation. Among the MCS cohort, angiopoietin-2 was particularly elevated in patients with systemic congestion and inflammation and was associated with higher incidence of GIB.

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