Peroxiredoxin I deficiency increases keratinocyte apoptosis in a skin tumor model via the ROS-p38 MAPK pathway

Ying-Hao Han, Yong-Qing Zhang, Mei-Hua Jin, Ying-Hua Jin, Mei-Yu Qiu, Wei-Long Li, Chao He, Li-Yun Yu, Jin Won Hyun, Jiyon Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Hu-Nan Sun, Taeho Kwon
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2020 August 27, 529 (3): 635-641
Keratinocyte hyperproliferation is an essential link in skin cancer pathogenesis. Peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) is known to regulate cancer cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, but its role in skin cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the role and mechanism of Prx I in skin cancer pathogenesis. Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were used to create a skin tumor model of the initiation/promotion stage of cancer. The role of Prx I in H2 O2 -induced keratinocyte apoptosis was also investigated. After DMBA/TPA treatment, Prx I deficiency was significantly associated with less skin tumors, lower Bcl-2 expression, and higher p-p38 and cleaved caspase-3 expressions in Prx I knockout tumors than in wild-type controls. H2 O2 stimulation caused more cellular apoptosis in Prx I knockdown HaCaT cells than in normal HaCaT cells. The signaling study revealed that Bcl-2, p-p38, and cleaved caspase-3 expressions were consistent with the results in the tumors. In conclusion, the deletion of Prx I triggered the DMBA/TPA-induced skin tumor formation in vivo and in vitro by regulating the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. These findings provide a theoretical basis for treating skin cancer.

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