JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Clinical Efficacy of Endothelin Receptor Antagonists in Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Hisataka Maki, Toru Hara, Masaki Tsuji, Akihito Saito, Shun Minatsuki, Toshiro Inaba, Eisuke Amiya, Yumiko Hosoya, Masaru Hatano, Hiroyuki Morita, Atsushi Yao, Koichiro Kinugawa, Issei Komuro
International Heart Journal 2020, 61 (4): 799-805
32728000
Therapeutic strategies for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have made remarkable progress over the last two decades. Currently, 3 types of drugs can be used to treat PAH; prostacyclins, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors, and endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA). In Japan, the first generation ERA bosentan was reimbursed in 2005, following which the 2nd generation ERAs ambrisentan and macitentan were reimbursed in 2009 and 2015, respectively. The efficacy of each ERA on hemodynamics in PAH patients remains to be elucidated. The aims of this study were to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of ERAs and compare these effects among each generation of ERAs.We retrospectively examined the clinical parameters of 42 PAH patients who were prescribed an ERA (15 bosentan, 12 ambrisentan, and 15 macitentan) and who underwent a hemodynamic examination before and after ERA introduction at our institution from January 2007 to July 2019.In a total of 42 patients, mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were significantly decreased and cardiac index was significantly increased after ERA introduction (P < 0.001) and the World Health Organization-Functional class (WHO-Fc) was significantly improved after ERA introduction (P = 0.005). Next, in a comparison between 1st and 2nd generation ERAs, 2nd generation ERAs were found to have brought about greater improvements in hemodynamic parameters (mPAP and PVR. P < 0.01), heart rate, brain natriuretic peptide, arterial oxygen saturation, and mixed venous oxygen saturation than the 1st generation ERA bosentan.We conclude that all ERAs could successfully improve the hemodynamics of PAH patients and that the newer generation ERAs, ambrisentan and macitentan, seemed to be preferable to bosentan.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32728000
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"