Diagnostic utility of genetic testing in patients undergoing renal biopsy

Katherine A Benson, Susan L Murray, Ross Doyle, Brendan Doyle, Anthony M Dorman, Denise Sadlier, Eoin Brennan, Margaret Large, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Catherine Godson, Peter J Conlon
Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies 2020, 6 (5)
High-throughput DNA testing is becoming established as a standard diagnostic test in the renal clinic. Previously published studies on cohorts of patients with unexplained chronic kidney disease of a suspected genetic aetiology have suggested a diagnostic yield for genomic sequencing of up to 18%. Here we determine the yield of targeted gene panel in a clinically unscreened cohort of patients referred for percutaneous native renal biopsy. Patients who underwent renal biopsy for investigation of chronic kidney disease were sequenced using a genomic sequencing panel covering 227 genes in which variation is known to be associated with monogenic chronic kidney disease (CKD). Candidate disease-causing variants were assessed for pathogenicity using guidelines from the American College for Medical Genetics and Genomics. Fifty CKD patients were recruited and sequenced. A molecular diagnosis was obtained for two patients (4%). A molecular diagnosis is possible using genomic testing in ∼4% of clinically unscreened patients undergoing renal biopsy. Genetic screening may be useful for diagnosis in a subset of CKD patients but is most valuable when applied to patients with suspected heritable forms of kidney disease.

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