JOURNAL ARTICLE

Inotropic and lusitropic, but not arrhythmogenic, effects of adipocytokine resistin on human atrial myocardium

Hamish M Aitken-Buck, Aram A Babakr, Ingrid C Fomison-Nurse, Isabelle van Hout, Philip J Davis, Richard W Bunton, Michael J A Williams, Sean Coffey, Peter P Jones, Regis R Lamberts
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 2020 September 1, 319 (3): E540-E547
32715745
The adipocytokine resistin is released from epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). Plasma resistin and EAT deposition are independently associated with atrial fibrillation. The EAT secretome enhances arrhythmia susceptibility and inotropy of human myocardium. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effect of resistin on the function of human myocardium and how resistin contributes to the proarrhythmic effect of EAT. EAT biopsies were obtained from 25 cardiac surgery patients. Resistin levels were measured by ELISA in 24-h EAT culture media ( n = 8). The secretome resistin concentrations increased over the culture period to a maximal level of 5.9 ± 1.2 ng/mL. Coculture with β-adrenergic agonists isoproterenol ( n = 4) and BRL37344 ( n = 13) had no effect on EAT resistin release. Addition of resistin (7, 12, 20 ng/mL) did not significantly increase the spontaneous contraction propensity of human atrial trabeculae ( n = 10) when given alone or in combination with isoproterenol. Resistin dose-dependently increased trabecula-developed force (maximal 2.9-fold increase, P < 0.0001), as well as the maximal rates of contraction (2.6-fold increase, P = 0.002) and relaxation (1.8-fold increase, P = 0.007). Additionally, the postrest potentiation capacity of human trabeculae was reduced at all resistin doses, suggesting that the inotropic effect induced by resistin might be due to altered sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ handling. EAT resistin release is not modulated by common arrhythmia triggers. Furthermore, exogenous resistin does not promote arrhythmic behavior in human atrial trabeculae. Resistin does, however, induce an acute dose-dependent positive inotropic and lusitropic effect.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
32715745
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"