Endothelin-1 reduces catabolic activity of human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells during chondro- and osteo-lineage differentiation

Robert Weishar, Ming-Song Lee, Gianluca Fontana, Peiman Hematti, Wan-Ju Li
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2020 August 20, 529 (2): 180-185
Human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (hMSCs) reside in a vascularized microenvironment and experience a host of blood vessel secretions, including endothelin-1 (ET1). Previously, our group has demonstrated improved induction of osteogenesis and chondrogenesis in hMSCs through an ET1-induced increase in production of anabolic factors. The current study explores effects of ET1 on catabolic factors secreted by hMSCs during chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. Cell proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition were also explored. Our results demonstrated that ET1 reduced mRNA transcript levels of MMP2, MMP13, ADAMTS4, and ADAMTS5 in chondrogenic hMSCs, and MMP13 and ADAMTS5 in osteogenic hMSCs. Furthermore, ET1-treated chondrogenic and osteogenic hMSCs showed more intense stains for Alcian blue and Alizarin red S, respectively, than control cells. Immunocytochemical results demonstrated that the ET1-mediated reduction of MMP13 could be reversed through blocking ET1 induction. Overall, our findings indicate that hMSCs treated with ET1 during chondrogenic or osteogenic induction attenuate catabolic activities of the cell to reduce ECM degradation, suggesting that it may be beneficial to use ET1 to enhance hMSC differentiation and protect newly synthesized ECM from degradation.

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