Surgical Management of Primary Small Bowel NET Presenting Acutely with Obstruction or Perforation

N S Rajaretnam, G Y Meyer-Rochow
World Journal of Surgery 2020 July 21
Up to 35% of small bowel neuroendocrine tumors (SBNETs) may present with an acute intra-abdominal complication including obstruction, perforation, bleeding or ischemia and may require emergency surgical treatment in centers not normally accustomed to managing patients with neuroendocrine tumors. These patients may have a known diagnosis of SBNET, be suspected as suffering from SBNET or have SBNET diagnosed as an incidental finding on presenting radiology or postoperative pathology. Perioperative priorities include obtaining both clinical and radiological staging with cross-sectional imaging and clinical examination, screening for the presence of carcinoid syndrome and right-sided cardiac disease and assessment of prognosis. Intraoperatively careful attention should be paid to noting the presence and location of multifocal primary and metastatic disease. Ideally, surgical resection with mesenteric lymph node dissection is the treatment of choice for obstructing and perforating lesions. Extended lymphadenectomy along the SMA, SMV and behind the pancreas should be primarily considered an elective procedure. In unwell patients with advanced disease surgical bypass (jejuno or ileocolic) or proximal defunctioning should be undertaken but, given the excellent long-term survivals in patients with stage IV disease, could be considered bridging procedures to elective resection following formal staging and multidisciplinary review.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"