Mitomycin C treatment improves pancreatic islet graft longevity in intraportal islet transplantation by suppressing proinflammatory response

Kei Yamane, Takayuki Anazawa, Seiichiro Tada, Nanae Fujimoto, Kenta Inoguchi, Norio Emoto, Kazuyuki Nagai, Toshihiko Masui, Hideaki Okajima, Kyoichi Takaori, Shoichiro Sumi, Shinji Uemoto
Scientific Reports 2020 July 21, 10 (1): 12086
The in vitro culture period prior to cell transplantation (i.e. pancreatic islet transplantation) enables cell modification and is thus advantageous. However, the islet preconditioning method has not been fully explored. Here we present a simple approach for islet preconditioning that uses the antibiotic mitomycin C (MMC), which has antitumor activity, to reduce islet immunogenicity and prevent proinflammatory events in an intraportal islet transplantation model. Freshly isolated mice islets were treated for 30 min with 10 μg/mL MMC or not, cultured for 20 h and transplanted into the livers of syngeneic or allogeneic diabetic mouse recipients. In the allogeneic model, MMC preconditioning significantly prolonged graft survival without requiring immunosuppressants. In vitro, MMC treatment suppressed the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in islet allografts, while immunohistochemical studies revealed the suppression of inflammatory cell infiltration into MMC-treated allografts relative to untreated allografts. Furthermore, MMC preconditioning significantly suppressed the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines into the transplant site and induced the differentiation of regulatory T cells with the ability to suppress CD4+ T cell-mediated immune responses. In conclusion, islet preconditioning with MMC prolonged graft survival in an intraportal islet transplantation model by suppressing proinflammatory events and inducing potentially regulatory lymphocytes.

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